If you want to become a security guard in Alabama you will need to take two steps. First, you will need to secure the appropriate training. Second, you will need to put in an application to the Alabama Security Regulatory Board for a security guard license.
You’ll need 8 hours of board approved classroom training with a certified trainer to become a security guard. 8 hours covers a lot of ground. You’ll typically cover fire prevention, detention procedures, methods for handling a crisis, crowd control, equipment use and legal information that will be very important to your job.
Every year you’ll need to renew this training before you can renew your certificate.
Not everyone has to take this training. If you got basic security training through the military or through government training no more than three years prior to seeking employment then providing proof of training should be enough to exempt you from other training requirements. If you’re already a police officer who is simply looking to supplement his hours then you also will not need to take the training.
You’re also exempt if you have 5 years of experience as a security officer, though you may still be asked to take refresher training each year to keep your license up to date.
Training isn’t your only requirement. You’ll also have to meet certain minimum standards before you’ll be allowed to work as a security guard.
First, if you’re going to be an unarmed security guard you need to be 18 or older. Armed guards need to be 21 or older.
Second, you’re asking for a position of trust, so it probably won’t come as a surprise that you will be subject to a criminal background check. You won’t be eligible to work as a security guard if you’ve ever been convicted of any felony, or any misdemeanor involving “moral turpitude.” Moral turpitude generally applies to crimes of fraud, theft, or “evil intent” such as arson. (It’s possible to commit a misdemeanor without moral turpitude, such as trespassing).
You also have to meet minimum standards of mental health. This simply means that you can’t be a security guard if a court has ever declared you incompetent for mental defects or disease. And you can’t be suffering from alcohol or addicted to drugs (you may be asked to take a drug test).
You will also need to submit fingerprints. Those fingerprints will be forwarded to the Alabama Department of Public Safety. They’re first used in a criminal background check, but then they’re kept on file.
If you are going to be an armed security guard you will also need to submit a copy of a pistol permit.
The entire application costs just $25. Download and print the application packet here.